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The Ujjwala Yojana scheme, launched in 2016, originally with an aim of providing LPG connections to women members of below the poverty line or BPL households.

Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan informed  the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved expanding the scope of Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana to destitutes not having LPG connections and not covered under the existing beneficiary categories.Now the steps are further taken to  increase penetration of LPG to 100 per cent households, he said. The scheme will now provide a subsidy of Rs. 1,600 to state-owned fuel retailers for every free LPG gas connection that they install in poor households.. This subsidy covers the security fee for the cylinder and the fitting charges.

The beneficiary has to purchase her own cooking stove. To minimise  the burden, the scheme allows beneficiaries to pay for the stove and the first refill in monthly installments. However, the cost of all subsequent refills has to be borne by the beneficiary household themself.

Earlier the connections were given based on the 2011 Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC), the list was later extended  to include providing free cooking gas connection to all SC/ST households, forest dwellers, most backward classes, inhabitants of islands,, tea estates and beneficiaries of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana and Antyodaya Yojana. Now, it has been extended to all the people who are unable to meet both ends.